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John André (1750-1780)Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: John André (1750-1780)

Description: Major John André (AKA: John Anderson; May 2, 1750-October 2, 1780), shown when he was a British intelligence officer during the American Revolutionary War, and who was hanged as a spy. A handsome and chivalrous officer, André conspired with the traitorous Colonial General Benedict Arnold (January 17, 1741-June 14, 1801) in an abortive attempt by Arnold to secretly turn over the fort at West Point, New York, to British forces. André met with Arnold behind American lines to make arrangements for Arnold's surrender of the fort, but was captured near Tarrytown, New York, on September 23, 1780, by three Colonial soldiers before he could return to British lines. Since he was not dressed in British uniform but in civilian clothes, and that he was using a false passport with the alias of "John Anderson" (provided to him by Arnold) he was branded a spy and, following a military trial, sentenced to death and hanged. British generals appealed the sentence, supporting André's claim that, as a prisoner of war, he had the right to escape while dressed in civilian clothes. Colonial Commander-in-Chief, General George Washington (February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799) refused to grant André clemency, pointing out the fact that Colonial spy, Nathan Hale (June 6, 1755-September 22, 1776), had been hanged by the British on the same premises, that he was captured behind enemy lines dressed in civilian clothes. Washington's decision was thought by many to be an act of revenge. André went bravely to his death, without asking for mercy or even blaming the man who caused his execution, Arnold, who had fled to British lines where he became a British general, fleeing to England following the war and where he lived and died in shame as America's foremost traitor.

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: John André, Benedict Arnold, George Washington, American Revolutionary War, American War of Independence, Intelligence, spies, spying, espionage, treason, traitors, hangings, executions, capital punishment, military trials, disguises, impersonations

Orientation: Portrait

Dimensions: 975 x 1089 (1.06 MPixels) (1.12)

Print Size: 8.3 x 9.2 cm; 3.3 x 3.6 inches

File Size: 3.07 MB (3,219,708 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004345

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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