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Battle of Sedgemoor, July 6, 1685Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Battle of Sedgemoor, July 6, 1685

Description: A contemporary map shows the Battle of Sedgemoor, July 6, 1685, that took place near Bridgwater, Somerset, England, the final battle of the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685. The rebellion was led by James Scott (1st Duke of Monmouth; April 9, 1649-July 15, 1685), who sought to unseat James II (October 14, 1633-September 16, 1701), as an unpopular Catholic monarch (James II, House of Stuart, was the last Catholic king of England). Monmouth, who had been commander of the British army, was a devout Protestant, and who had politically attempted to keep the Stuarts from the throne and have himself crowned king. He fled to Holland, but rreturned to the South of England where proclaimed himself king and raised a rag-tag army of 6,000 men, many of whom were armed with only pitchforks. Monmouth's army at Segdemoor was poorly informed as to the positions of the Royalist forces. His scouts failed to detect the main Royalist force hiding in a long ditch which Monmouth attacked at night. Coming upon the ditch, his troops were counter-attacked by Royalist troops and slaughtered, Monmouth fleeing. He was captured, tried for treason and condemned to death. Despite Monmouth's pleas for mercy and his promise to convert to the Catholic faith, he was beheaded at Tower Hill by executioner Jack Ketch (d. November 1686). Ketch reportedly had difficulty in executing Monmouth as between five to eight blows from his ax were required to sever the man's head. Following the execution, Judge George Jeffreys (AKA: The Hanging Judge; May 15, 1645-April 18, 1689) conducted what was later called the Bloody Assizes, beginning at Winchester on August 26, 1685 and ending at Wells on September 23, 1685, where 1,400 of Monmouth's followers were tried for treason, more than 300 executed by hanging and about 850 transported to the West Indies in penal servitude for life.

Category: England

Keywords: Battle of Sedgemoor, Duke of Monmouth, James Scott, James II, battles, battlefields, battlegrounds, battle maps, Monmouth Rebellion, Jack Ketch, Judge George Jeffreys, Bloody Assizes, executions, beheadings, executioners, hangings, transportation, life sentences, penal servitude, Intelligence, spies, spying, espionage, agents, surveillance, reconnaissance

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 1800 x 940 (1.69 MPixels) (1.91)

Print Size: 15.2 x 8.0 cm; 6.0 x 3.1 inches

File Size: 4.88 MB (5,111,944 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004409

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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