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Belle Boyd (1844-1900)Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Belle Boyd (1844-1900)

Description: Belle Boyd (Isabella Marie Boyd; AKA; Cleopatra of the Secession; May 9, 1844-June 11, 1900), U.S. actress, lecturer, author and Confederate spy during the Amerian Civil War (1861-1865). Well-educated, Boyd operated from her father's hotel in Front Royal, Virginia, and, when learning of Union operations in that area, took that information to the camp of Confederate General Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21, 1824-May 10, 1863), enabling Jackson to win several battles in his celebrated Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Boyd had shot and killed a drunken Union forager, who had broken into her father's hotel, a feat that made her famous with Secessionists (she was exonerated as acting in self-defense). The shooting was later profiled in the Civil War novel, Gone with the Wind (1936; Pulitzer Prize) by Margaret Mitchell (November 8, 1900-August 16, 1949), and, in fact, Mitchell incorporated much of Boyd's tempestuous personality traits into her leading character of that book, Scarlett O'Hara. Using different disguises, Boyd, an excellent horse rider, went through Union lines many times to deliver secret information on Union troops and plans to Jackson's chief intelligence officer, Colonel Turner Ashby (October 23, 1828-June 6, 1862). She was captured and imprisoned several times, but always released for lack of evidence. In 1864, she sailed for England, where she acted on the stage and married a Union officer. Upon the death of her first husband, she returned to the U.S. in 1866, marrying for a second time and resuming her stage career, and also giving lectures about her Civil War exploits, which she later documented in several books. She died while giving a speech to a GAR (Grand Army of the Republic), group of Union veterans, at Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, and is buried there. These very former enemies served as pallbearers at Boyd's funeral.

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: Belle Boyd, Stonewall Jackson, Shenandoah Valley Campaign, Gone with the Wind, Margaret Mitchell, female spies, spying, espionage, Turner Ashby, Confederate Secret Service, Intelligence, GAR, Grand Army of the Republic, foragers, hotels, lectures, lecturers, speeches, addresses, groups, authors, writers

Orientation: Portrait

Dimensions: 1350 x 1763 (2.38 MPixels) (1.31)

Print Size: 11.4 x 14.9 cm; 4.5 x 5.9 inches

File Size: 6.84 MB (7,173,556 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004429

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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