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Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935)Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935)

Description: Alfred Dreyfus (October 9, 1859-July 12, 1935), shown sitting center in foreground at his 1894 trial for treason. Captain Dreyfus, a French artillery officer, had been wrongly accused of giving information to Germany. He was stripped of his rank, dishonorably discharged, and sentenced to life imprisonment at Devil's Island. French Intelligence had arbitrarily selected Dreyfus as a scapegoat, that selection endorsed by anti-Semitic generals of the High Command because Dreyfus was a Jew, and even though they early on knew that the real spy was French officer Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy (December 16, 1847-May 21, 1923). When this information was presented to French writer Emile Zola (Emile Francois Zola; April 2, 1840-September 29, 1902), he launched an investigation (becoming one of the first investigative journalists). He acquired pertinent facts in the case that proved that the evidence against Dreyfus had been manufactured, proving that a memorandum to German intelligence (the notorious "Bordereau") had not been written by Dreyfus, but by Esterhazy, and that French Intelligence, with the collusion of the High Command, had forged documents to support Dreyfus' wrongful conviction and continued to create additional forged documents and make false statements thereafter. These revelations had been made to the French High Command by French intelligence officer, Major Georges Picquart (September 6, 1854-January 18, 1914), that many forged documents had been created to support Dreyfus' wrongful conviction, but this information was ignored by the High Command and Picquart reprimanded and sent to a remote military post in Tunisia. Using all this information, Zola risked his career and life by defending Dreyfus through his crusading articles initiated with "J'accuse" ("I Accuse"), which indicted the French High Command for railroading Dreyfus, and which appeared in the French newspaper L'Aurore on January 13, 1898. The case became a national crisis, called the Dreyfus Affair. Public pressure stemming from Zola's crusade forced a new trial for Dreyfus, who was returned from Devil's Island and retried with the same results, but he was pardoned in 1899 by French President Emile Loubet (Emile Francois Loubet; December 31, 1838-December 20, 1929). Dreyfus was exonerated in 1906 and reinstated in the French Army, promoted to the rank of major and made a knight in France's Legion of Honor. The man who had crusaded for his freedom, Zola, had died four years earlier. Several films were based upon the Dreyfus case, the most notable being The Life of Emile Zola (1937), I Accuse! (1958), and Prisoner of Honor (1991 made-for-TV).

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: Alfred Dreyfus, Emile Zola, Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy, Georges Picquart, Emile Loubet, Devil's Island, French Intelligence, railroading, scapegoats, spies, spying, espionage, Intelligence, faked documents, false documents, forged documents, handwriting analysis, pardons, French High Command, France, wrongful imprisonments, wrongful convictions, antisemitism, trials, investigative journalism

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 1950 x 1286 (2.51 MPixels) (1.52)

Print Size: 16.5 x 10.9 cm; 6.5 x 4.3 inches

File Size: 7.21 MB (7,561,002 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004434

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection


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