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Igor Gouzenko (1919-1982)Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Igor Gouzenko (1919-1982)

Description: Igor Gouzenko (Igor Sergeyevich Gouzenko; January 13, 1919-June 28, 1982), shown at left wearing a hood to conceal his identity. Gouzenko was a Soviet GRU cipher clerk working in the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, who defected to the West on September 5, 1945, taking with him 109 documents that proved Soviet espionage in Canada and the U.S. during and prior to WWII. Gouzenko's startling revelations showed how Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin (December 18, 1878-March 5, 1953) had, through his NKVD and KGB secret agents and spy networks in the West, had stolen nuclear secrets and exposed the many Intelligence techniques used by those Soviet agents, many of whom were "sleeper" agents (placed in sensitive security posts but not activated until many years later). Gouzenko and his wife and child sought and got asylum from the Canadian government for his defection, since he feared for his life and that of his family members, knowing that SMERSH killers (the assassination arm of the KGB) were trailing him. Gouzenko's information led to the arrests of thirty-nine persons in Canada, eighteen of whom were sent to prison, many of them Canadian nationals, who were also communist spies, including Fred Rose, the only communist member of the Canadian Parliament. His explosive information also exposed U.S. communist spies Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918-June 19, 1953) and his wife, Ethel Rosenberg (September 28, 1915-June 19, 1953), who stole atomic bomb secrets and were both executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison in New York. Gouzenko also exposed Alan Nunn May (May 2, 1911-January 12, 2003), British physicist and confessed communist spy, who worked on the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb, and gave Soviet Intelligence all of his research on that project, which enabled the Soviets (along with what they got from the Rosenberg spy ring) to produce atomic bombs. Gouzenko's defection and information prompted Canada to develop a much more sophisticated intelligence system in combating such future espionage activities. Gouzenko's hazardous life in Canada was well portrayed in the 1948 film The Iron Curtain, with Dana Andrews playing Gouzenko and Gene Tierney playing his wife, Anna Gouzenko.

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: Igor Gouzenko, Soviet Intelligence, Soviet embassies, Soviet spies, spying, espionage, Soviet spy networks, Soviet spy organizations, sleeper agents, Joseph Stalin, atomic bomb secrets, NKVD, KGB, SMERSH, Fred Rose, Ethel Rosenberg, Julius Rosenberg, Rosenberg spy ring, Sing Sing Prison, electric chair, executions, capital punishments, Canadian Parliament, Canadian Intelligence, Canada, United States, Soviet Russia, Alan Nunn May, physicists, Manhattan Project, GRU, Intelligence techniques

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 1350 x 1100 (1.48 MPixels) (1.23)

Print Size: 11.4 x 9.3 cm; 4.5 x 3.7 inches

File Size: 4.29 MB (4,493,492 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004464

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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