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Spy House, London, England, 1961Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Spy House, London, England, 1961

Description: The bungalow used by Soviet spies Morris Cohen (AKA: Peter Kroger; July 2, 1910-June 23, 1995) and his wife, Lona Cohen (AKA: Helen Kroger; January 11, 1913-December 23, 1992) at 45 Cranley Drive, Ruislip, in Northwestern London, England, in 1960-1961, when both were captured as part of the Portland Spy Ring. The Cohens, who used the aliases of Peter and Helen Kroger when in England, were U.S. citizens, who had joined the U.S. Communist Party in the 1930s, both going to work as Soviet agents in 1939. In the basement of their London bungalow, the Cohens set up a high-speed radio transmitter and began spending Moscow coded messages containing secrets stolen at the British Navy's Portland Naval Base. Two clerks, Ethel Gee (Ethel Elizabeth Gee; 1914-c. 1992), and her lover, Harry Houghton (1906-c. 1992) at that base, working in the offices of the Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment, stole secrets and passed these to Soviet KGB spymaster Gordon Lonsdale (Konon Molody; January 17, 1922-September 9, 1970). This NKVD/KGB spymaster had been given the alias of Gordon Arnold Lonsdale at the age of eleven when taken by an aunt from Moscow to the U.S. in 1938, with a fake Canadian passport with that name taken from a deceased Finnish-Canadian. Lonsdale gave the secrets he got from Gee and Houghton to the Cohens, who coded information about those secrets and then sent them by radio to the KGB in Moscow. Houghton, a heavy drinker, aroused the suspicion of the Special Branch of Scotland Yard, when spending great sums of money in pubs and bragging about his spying activities. He, Gee, and others were arrested on January 6, 1961. He and Gee were released in nine years and married, changing their names and moving from the Portland, England, area. Lonsdale, a top-ranking KGB officer, was sentenced to twenty-five years in prison in March 1961, but was exchanged for Greville Maynard Wynne (March 19, 1919-February 28, 1990), a British agent, on April 22, 1964. Also arrested in the case were the Cohens, who were both sent to prison for fifteen years, but served only eight years before being released. They went to Russia and died there.

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: Ethel Gee, Harry Houghton, Gordon Lonsdale, Greville Maynard Wynne, Morris Cohen, Lona Cohen, Peter Kroger, Helen Kroger, Portland Spy Ring, Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment, Special Branch of Scotland Yard, spies, spying, espionage, KGB, government secrets, Great Britain, United Kingdom, England, Soviet Russia

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 1650 x 1247 (2.06 MPixels) (1.32)

Print Size: 14.0 x 10.6 cm; 5.5 x 4.2 inches

File Size: 5.92 MB (6,210,296 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004484

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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