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Amtorg Trading Corp, New York, 1928Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Amtorg Trading Corp, New York, 1928

Description: The New York City offices of the USSR's Amtorg Trading Corp., which was used as a front for industrial and military espionage from 1924, similar and more effective organizations established in Berlin and in London (Arcos, Lt.). Since the U.S. refused to establish diplomatic relationships with the USSR (the country was recognized by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933), the Soviets established Amtorg to ostensibly conduct trade agreements between the USSR and American firms. Little such business was concluded while hundreds of Amtorg employees, all trained spies, performed industrial espionage by stealing secrets from the glass, aviation, steel and chemical firms of America. They made little progress in covertly acquiring military secrets. The organization was supervised in the 1920s by Soviet spymaster Arthur Adams (an alias), who later tried to steal atomic secrets from employees of the Manhattan Project. Under surveillance by the FBI, Adams disappeared in 1945, most likely returning to the USSR. Amtorg continued its operations following WWII, its spymasters working with Americans working for the Soviets such as Judith Coplon (1922- ), employed at the U.S. State Department, and who turned over U.S. secrets to Amtorg spymaster Valentin Gubitschev. Both were caught by FBI agents, Gubitschev deported, and Coplon convicted, but whose conviction was overturned on a technical error (FBI agents neglected to obtain a warrant for her arrest at the time they picked her up). By the early 1950s, Amtorg had been thoroughly exposed and discredited and the USSR closed down its operations, supplementing those operations with a new Soviet spy network operated in New York City by Rudolf Abel (Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher; July 11, 1903-November 15, 1971).

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: Amtorg Corp, Arcos, Ltd., Soviet Intelligence, USSR, Arthur Adams, Franklin D. Roosevelt, FBI, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Judith Coplon, Valentin Gubitschev, deportation, spies, spying, espionage, Intelligence, Rudolf Abel, U.S. State Department, atomic bomb secrets, Manhattan Project, Soviet spy networks, Soviet spy organizations, arrest warrants, spymasters

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 1950 x 1358 (2.65 MPixels) (1.44)

Print Size: 16.5 x 11.5 cm; 6.5 x 4.5 inches

File Size: 7.61 MB (7,979,900 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004492

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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