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Hermann Giskes (b. 1896)Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: Hermann Giskes (b. 1896)

Description: Hermann Giskes (b. 1896), German major in Abwehr 111F Section, stationed in the Netherlands during WWI, who is credited with capturing more than fifty Allied agents. Giskes fought in the German Army in WWI, and was a wine salesman until 1934 when he rejoined the Army with a commission. He joined the Abwehr in 1937 and the following year was made chief of German Intelligence in the Netherlands, then awash with secret agents from Western countries. He bought off British SIS agent John William "Jack" Hooper, who turned over many British agents to Giskes, including, Dr. Otto Krueger, a respected German naval engineer and deep mole planted by British Intelligence in 1919 in Hamburg. Giskes arrested Krueger in 1939, making his first significant intelligence coup. In 1942-1943, however, he concocted a plan that ensnared dozens of SOE (Special Operations Executive) agents in Operation North Pole. Giskes "turned" some SOE agents, who continued to send messages, albeit bogus, to London, and through them, enticed more SOE agents to parachute into Holland, where they were quickly captured and imprisoned. In 1944, Giskes invented Operation Heinrich, where he planted disinformation in the clothing and belongings of escaping forced laborers fleeing to U.S. lines, which caused U.S. Army forces to be withdrawn from the Ardennes area to other locations, thus weakening the Allied positions when the Germans made their last great offensive through the Ardennes. The German spymaster was captured by Allied troops in 1945 and was held until 1948, although he was never officially charged with war crimes. Giskes was finally released after Dutch authorities reported that his conduct in their country during WW II was “in accordance with international law and the unwritten laws of humanity.”

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: Hermann Giskes, Abwehr, German Intelligence, John William Hooper, MI6, SIS, British Intelligence, SOE, Special Operations Executive, spies, spying, spymasters, espionage, Operation North Pole, Operation Heinrich, Ardennes Offensive, Germany, United Kingdom, England, Great Britain, disinformation, Otto Krueger, Holland, Netherlands, turned agents, double agents, parachuting, parachutists, German naval engineers

Orientation: Portrait

Dimensions: 900 x 1291 (1.16 MPixels) (1.43)

Print Size: 7.6 x 10.9 cm; 3.0 x 4.3 inches

File Size: 3.36 MB (3,522,238 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004495

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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