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East Berlin Security Building, Cold WarDownload nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: East Berlin Security Building, Cold War

Description: The East Berlin Security Building during the Cold War. This was the headquarters of the Soviet-controlled Ministrey of State Security for East Germany, better known as Stasi or MfS. This oppressive organization served as a secret police and intelligence service working against West Germany and the Western Powers during the Cold War with 68,000 employees, most of whom were spies or secret agents. Combating this organization was Reinhard Gehlen (April 3, 1902-June 8, 1979). Gehlen was a German officer, who served as chief of German Military Intelligence on the Eastern Front during WWII. Following the war, Gehlen surrendered to U.S. forces, offering the U.S. his intelligence services. He was accepted and established a spy network directed at the Soviet Union in Germany and elsewhere, which was known as the Gehlen Organization. He later headed West German Intelligence (BND), becoming the first President of its Federal Intelligence Service in 1968. Gehlen was a methodical and effective spymaster, who served his own ends well. In the closing months of WWII, knowing Germany would lose that war, Gehlen had all of his extensive archives that dealt with the Soviet Union put on microfilm and later turned over those archives (fifty steel boxes), along with his top experts, and himself, to U.S. Military Intelligence, so that, by the beginning of the Cold War, West Germany and the U.S. had a deep portrait of Soviet Intelligence. Funded with $7 million by the U.S., the Gehlen Organization controlled tens of thousands of paid spies in Eastern Germany, then under Soviet control, with Gehlen correlating and evaluating all their information, many of these secret agents holding high-level positions within Soviet Intelligence. Gehlen identified SMERSH as the assassination arm of the KGB and helped the CIA to dig the Berlin Tunnel, where West German, U.S. and Allied intelligence agencies could electronically monitor Soviet activities in East Berlin. Gehlen and his organization was severely damaged in 1963 when it was exposed that one of his top agents, Heinz Felfe, was a double Soviet agent working in Gehlen's headquarters. In 1968, Gehlen resigned and retired, but remained an adviser to Western Intelligence agencies.

Category: Intelligence

Keywords: East Berlin Security Building, Ministry of State Security, Stasi, MfS, Reinhard Gehlen, Gehlen Organization, West German Intelligence, BND, CIA, Central Intelligence Agency, KGB, Soviet Intelligence, SMERSH, Berlin Tunnel, Heinz Felfe, spymasters, spy networks, spy organizations, spies, spying, espionage, Intelligence, German Military Intelligence, secret agents, Soviet Union, Soviet Russia, East Germany, West Germany, United States

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 1650 x 1268 (2.09 MPixels) (1.30)

Print Size: 14.0 x 10.7 cm; 5.5 x 4.2 inches

File Size: 6.02 MB (6,312,064 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000004564

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection


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