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George C. Marshall (1880-1959)Download nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: George C. Marshall (1880-1959)

Description: Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, Secretary of Defense and Secretary of State, George C. Marshall (George Catlett Marshall; December 31, 1880-October 16, 1959), shown in 1917 as a colonel while serving in France during WII as director of training and planning for the U.S. Army’s 1st Division of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). A 1901 graduate of Virginia Military Institute (VMI), Marshall served in the U.S. and in the Philippines before being assigned to the AEF. In 1918, he became an aide to his mentor, General John J. Pershing, becoming a chief planner and it was Marshall who chiefly organized the American strategies and tactics employed in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (September 26, 1918-November 11, 1918) that led to the Allied victory and the defeat of the German forces on the Western Front that ended WWI. He became Pershing’s top aide following the war, when Pershing became Chief of Staff, supervising training and teaching modern, mechanized warfare and advocating the use of coordinated attacks with land forces, tanks and warplanes. Promoted to brigadier general in 1936, he became President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s top military adviser, Roosevelt promoting him to a full general in 1939 when he became Army Chief of Staff. Marshall, an excellent organizer, was responsible for developing the modern U.S. Army that went into WW II, selecting many of its foremost commanders, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and Mark Clark and others for prominent military roles. (Marshall was Eisenhower’s mentor and groomed him for the role of Supreme Allied Commander in the European Theater of WWII, but was often at odds with General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Allied Commander of the Southwest Pacific during WWII and later in the Korean War.) Following WWII, Marshall developed the Marshall Plan that air-lifted supplies to Berlin, Germany, when it was isolated by Soviet forces, and rebuilt Germany and Western Europe, for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize. He became U.S. Secretary of State under President Harry Truman and, as such, opposed recognizing Israel as an independent state in 1948, but Truman overrode him and the U.S. was the first country to recognize Israel one day after it announced its independence. Marshall later became U.S. Secretary of Defense and is considered on of America’s greatest military leaders.

Category: World War I

Keywords: U.S. Secretaries of States, Chiefs of Staff of the Army, Secretaries of Defense, Secretaries of State, U.S. Generals, Virginia Military Institute alumni, Virginia Military Institute graduates, Nobel Peace Prize winners, military leaders

Orientation: Portrait

Dimensions: 1200 x 1575 (1.89 MPixels) (1.31)

Print Size: 10.2 x 13.3 cm; 4.0 x 5.3 inches

File Size: 5.43 MB (5,698,092 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000048888

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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