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1919 Chicago White SoxDownload nowEnlargeShow similar images

Title: 1919 Chicago White Sox

Description: A team photograph of the 1919 Chicago White Sox . The White Sox finished the 1919 baseball season atop of the American League with a record of (88-52). They advanced to the World Series, where they purposely lost to the Cincinnati Reds, 5 games to 3.

Study Application Notes: The 1919 World Series became known as "The Black Sox Scandal." Eight members of the Chicago White Sox were accused of intentionally losing World Series games for money. First baseman Arnold "Chick" Gandil was the instigator of the conspiracy, allegedly put in motion by New York gangster Arnold Rothstein. Outfielder Oscar "Happy" Felsch, shortstop Charles "Swede" Risberg, and starting pitchers Eddie Cicotte and Claude "Lefty" Williams were all directly involved with Gandil. Third baseman Buck Weaver was asked to participate, but refused. Star outfielder "Shoeless" Joe Jackson was also accused as a participant, though his involvement is disputed and remains controversial to this day. The players were subsequently acquitted by a grand jury, but baseball was less forgiving. To prevent further damage to the sport's reputation, owners appointed Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis as the first Commissioner of Baseball. On August 3, 1921, the day after the players were acquitted, all eight White Sox players were banned for life from Major League Baseball.

Background Information: Shoeless Joe Jackson always maintained his innocence and years after the scandal, all of the implicated players said that Jackson was never present at any meetings with the gamblers. However, both Cicotte and Jackson provided signed confessions to a grand jury in 1920, but subsequently recanted their confessions (it is alleged they did not fully understand the implications of what was happening and recanted when they finally realized they were being set up to take the fall for the entire team). Jackson spent most of the last 30 years of his life proclaiming his innocence. He cannot be elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame until his name is removed from the "Ineligible" list. In the motion picture Eight Men Out, Jackson is depicted as being not especially bright and not entirely sure what is going on. The award-winning motion picture Field of Dreams features a more intelligent Shoeless Joe Jackson as the main subject and motivator for the protagonist (Ray Kinsella), whose father idolized Jackson. Joe asks to bring others back to play ball and subsequently returns with the seven other players banned in the 1919 Black Sox scandal.

Category: Sports

Topic: Baseball

Keywords: American Baseball Players, Chicago White Sox, Baseball Players, MLB Players, American League Pennant Winners, AL Pennant Winners, Baseball Teams, Black Sox Scandal, Scandals, Sports Scandals, Baseball, Sports, Field of Dreams

Orientation: Landscape

Dimensions: 2400 x 1364 (3.27 MPixels) (1.76)

Print Size: 20.3 x 11.5 cm; 8.0 x 4.5 inches

File Size: 9.40 MB (9,851,476 Bytes)

Resolution: 300 x 300 dpi

Color Depth: 16.7 million (24 BitsPerPixel)

Compression: None

Image Number: 0000301918

Source: Jay Robert Nash Collection

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